Antarctic Meteorite Petrographic Description

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Sample Petrographic Description

Sample Number EET 79001
Newsletter 3,3
Location Elephant Moraine
Field Number 1043
Dimensions 22 x 17 x 14
Weight 7942.00
Original Classification Shergottite
Mineral Composition (%Fa &  %Fs)
Fayalite (mol%): 23-27; Ferrosilite (mol%): 16-67
Weathering
Ae
Fracturing
A
Macroscopic Description - Roberta Score
All but one surface of this achondrite (22 x 17 x 14 cm.) is covered with black fusion crust, but there are areas on all surfaces where the fusion crust has been plucked away. One surface has a deep regmaglypt that is covered with fusion crust. The areas devoid of fusion crust are white-gray in color and the matrix appears porous. Veins (~ 0.5 mm wide) of dark material criss-cross each other. Whitish-yellow clasts (Grimm diameter) are scattered all over this achondrite. Most of the specimen appears very fine-grained but a small part near the E surface has a different lithology.

Sawing this meteorite exposed a light colored interior with rounded white clasts, as large as 0.5 cm in diameter. Several large black fine-grained clasts as large as 2.5 cm are scattered over the cut face. Some of these black clasts contain glass lined vugs. Upon chipping one of these clasts containing a vug, the entire clast popped out easily with no matrix adhering to the clast. Numerous veins of black material criss-cross each other. Most of these veins run through a black clast. The longest vein is 14 cm long. Near the W end of the cut face are brownish colored clasts which may or may not be pyroxene. Ninety percent of the cut face is fine-grained. Ten percent (near the E end) of the cut face consists of intergrown pyroxene and feldspar in a basaltic texture.
Thin Section Description - Arch Reid
Thin sections were cut from the three different lithologies: 1) the main mass of the meteorite; 2) the material with basaltic texture that is present at one end of the sample, and; 3) the dark clasts included in the main mass.

The main mass is a shocked but unbrecciated pyroxenite with pyroxene as the major phase but also containing maskelynite, Mg-Al chromite, iron sulphide and ilmenite(?). The major pyroxene is polysynthetically twinned pigeonite (?) (resembling twinned clinobronzite) ranging in composition from Wo5En70Fs25 to Wo12En50Fs38. Orthopyroxene forms the cores of larger pyroxene grains and ranges in composition from Wo1.5 En83Fs16 to Wo3En78Fs19. The larger pyroxene grains, up to 3.5 mm, comprise untwinned cores zoned outward to polysynthetically twinned rims. The smaller pyroxenes, .3 to 1 mm, are twinned clinopyroxenes and are intergrown with maskelynite laths. The maskelynite ranges in composition from Or1Ab39An60 to Or1.5Ab44An55. A few large olivines, Fo77 to Fo73 range up to 2.5 mm.

The less abundant lithology closely resembles Shergotty in texture but is finer grained. The major minerals are clinopyroxene and maskelynite: calcium phosphate, SiO2, ilmenite (?) and magnetite (?) are also present. Elongate clinopyroxene and laths of maskelynite are about one mm long and generally subparallel: many of the maskelynite grains contain pyroxene inclusions. Analyzed pigeonites range from Wo10En52Fs38 to Wo18En15Fs67. The maskelynite also shows a range in composition from Or.5Ab38An62 to Or4Ab50An46.

The dark clasts are apparently loci of melting; in many cases they connect with the thin black glassy (?) veinlets that traverse much of the meteorite. Thin sections from these dark areas show glass (with relict olivine, pyroxene and maskelynite inclusions), devitrified glass, areas with mosaic texture and vesicular areas with quench textures. The dark areas appear to be more common in olivine-bearing portions of the main mass.
Antarctic Meteorite Images for Sample EET 79001
Sample EETA79001 Being Processed in the Lab  West View of Sample EETA79001,2 After Cutting  East View of Sample EETA79001,2 After Cutting  North View of Splits from Sample  EETA79001,2 
North View of Splits from Sample  EETA79001,2  South View of Splits from Sample  EETA79001,2  South View of Splits from Sample  EETA79001,2  South View of Splits from Sample  EETA79001,2 
East View of Sample EETA79001,22  Top View of Sample EETA79001,216  View of Samples EETA79001,312 and ,313  Thin Section Photograph of Sample EETA79001 in Cross-Polarized Light  
Top View of Sample Split EETA79001,216  North View of Sample EETA79001  Top View of Sample EETA79001  South View of Sample EETA79001 
Bottom View of Sample EETA79001  North View of Sawed Face of Sample EETA79001,2  Close-Up View of Sawed Face of Sample EETA79001,2  Close-Up View of Sawed Face of Sample EETA79001,1 
East View of Sample Splits from EETA79001,2  East View of Sample Splits from EETA79001,2  West View of Sample Splits from EETA79001,2  North View of Chips from Sample  EETA79001,2 
North View of Splits from Sample  EETA79001,2  North View of Splits from Sample  EETA79001,2  North View of Splits from Sample  EETA79001,2  West View of Splits from Sample  EETA79001,2 
South View of Splits from Sample  EETA79001,2  South View Showing Original Placement of Splits from Sample  EETA79001,2  East View of Split from Sample  EETA79001,2  Close-Up View of Sawed Face of Sample EETA79001,2 
References for Sample EET79001
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